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DOAN NGO FESTIVAL: LEDENDS & CUSTOMS

The Vietnamese celebrate the Doan Ngo festival on the 5th of the fifth lunar month. This is an important festive occasion in the year, second only to the Nguyen Dan (Lunar New Year) festival. Traditionally, the festival is held to protect health of people and the crops with fresh fruit.

Legends of Doan Ngo Festival

"Doan Ngo" can be understood that "Doan" is the beginning, and "Ngo" is the time from 11 am to 1 pm. Doan Ngo means  "the opening day of the hottest season of the year". Thus, Doan Ngo Festival has a connection with the cycle of annual weather.

Doan Ngo Festival has another simple name in Vietnamese: "Killing Insects Festival” base on this legend. In one day, after the crop, farmers were celebrating for a great season, but then a large number of insects ate everything harvested. Peasants did not know what to do. Suddenly, there was an old man coming and presented as Doi Truan. He instructed each family to make a feast including Gio cake and fruit. The peasants followed what the man did, after that all insects died. The man added that on this day annually all insects were very aggressive. He told that if farmers did what he did, the problem would be solved. To commemorate, local farmers named the day "Killing Insects Festival".

Customs on Doan Ngo Festival

On this day, Vietnamese people often have many customs on preventing insects. In the early morning, Vietnamese eat some traditional foods which can kill all insects and diseases in the body. These are fresh fruits, “banh u” (“u” cake), “banh tro” (“tro” cake) and “com ruou”. Vietnamese people belive that in our body often has parasites which are hard to kill all of them. However, on the 5th of the 5th lunar month, these parasites can be killed when people eat fruit with acid flavor, especially sticky rice wine.

The worshipping is held at noon, hour of Ngo. All members of a family enjoy a warm reunion together. They eat sour fruits, sticky wine, and ash cake to eradicate insects, therefore warding off all diseases.

Sticky rice

 sticky rice

This is one of the most popular dishes during the Đoan Ngọ Festival. The strong smell of the sticky rice, combined with the hot taste of wine, is believed to have the power to kill all the unhealthy worms in the body.

“Tro”  Cake

 Tro cake

Tro cakes is small, cylindrical or triangular.  This traditional cake is made from glutinous rice soaked in the mixture of water and ash then wrapped in bamboo leaves and stuffed with sweetened mung beans. This making process gives the cake a special color and sweet cool taste.

Seasonal fruits

The lunar May is the time of plums and lychee in the harvest season with the freshness characteristic of summer. You also may enjoy many different summer fruits.

Source: alotrip.com – vietnamnews.vn

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